James Madison (1751-1836) was another primary promoter of the Democratic-Republican agenda. Madison worked in the cabinet of the Washington administration as Secretary of the Treasury. At first, Madison moved towards Hamilton and the Federalists and even produced some of the most influential political works of the time, which are still examined today, The Federalist Papers. In addition, Madison was known as the father of the Constitution, justly named as he fought for the ratification of the Constitution and drafted the first ten amendments also known as the Bill of Rights. Although Madison promoted the ratified Constitution, his views began to shift. As George Washington became closer with Hamilton and The Federalists, Madison became close with Jefferson, and in 1791 Madison left The Federalist party and helped Jefferson organize the Democratic-Republican party which would triumph until 1828, when a new party emerges.
- First Party System 1792-1824
- Second Party System 1828-1854
- Third Party System 1854-1890
- Current Party System