First Party System

The first American party system develops in approximately 1790. These groups formed as a result of policies and initiatives created by Alexander Hamilton, who at the time was the Secretary of the Treasury. One group sought to ratify the Constitution, while the other supported the Articles of the Confederation. As two distinct factions developed, the Federalists led by Hamilton and Anti-federalists led by Patrick Henry, which later becomes the Democratic-Republican Party  led by Madison and Jefferson,  can see that the power of a popular government where faction interests could develop and potentially influence policy.