The Republican Party emerged in 1854 after the divide of the Whigs and Jacksonian-Democrats which resulted from the controversial issue of slavery. In addition to slavery, other major events such as Dred Scott and Lincoln-Douglas debates created major shifts in party support. Due to the new policy stances taken on by the Republican Party, they began to attract new constituents. Some of these constituents included free black men, mid-western farmers, merchants, industrialists, and others who supported the Republican party’s well rounded policies concerning economic, social, and property issues. The Republican Party at this time, began an era of dominance in the political sphere, more specifically in Presidential elections which lasted for almost 75 years. The Republicans at this time exemplified the idea of a union that transcended class and social structures to create one large united front.
- First Party System 1792-1824
- Second Party System 1828-1854
- Third Party System 1854-1890
- Current Party System