Henry Clay (1777-1852) was one of few major leaders for the Whig party. Henry Clay ran for President four times, but was defeated each time. However, he served as both the Secretary of State and Speaker of the House. Clay fought to increase tariffs to create increases in industry, and fought for the formation of a strong national bank. Furthermore, Clay is referred to as “The Great Compromiser”because of his involvement in brokering both the Missouri Compromise, The Compromise of 1850, and numerous other agreements. Although Clay was never elected for the Presidential position, he made a tremendous effort to promote the Whig’s political interests, and was an influential individual throughout the Second Party System.
- First Party System 1792-1824
- Second Party System 1828-1854
- Third Party System 1854-1890
- Current Party System